Aesthethic dentistry meets the contemporary requirements for a harmonious smile. This requires the use of all modern methods of planning and execution of treatment.
Veneers are a thin layer of ceramic that is bonded to the anterior surface of the front teeth. They can be made from a purely aesthetic point of view, to improve the look of the teeth. This is done after a precise consideration on the benefits versus price and the proportion of the healthy tooth to be prepared.
The advantages of veneers is that this is a minimally invasive technique whichallows the patient to achieve a brilliant smile within a short time.
Veneers are a treatment of choice in the following cases:
- When there is a gap between teeth (diastema, spacing);
- In teeth with "short" clinical crowns;
- Rotated teeth;
- In teeth with cracks or fractures;
- Chipped teeth
Teeth with anomalies of the dental crown
Discolored or darkened teeth (most often as a result of endodontic treatment).
Porcelain crowns - porcelain crown encloses the tooth (or the abutment of thedental implant). Porcelain crowns are an effective method of obtaining high aesthetic combined with increased strength of the tooth structure. Crown fits the remaining part of the tooth precisely and makes it more stable and with the shape of a natural tooth.
Porcelain crowns are a treatment of choice for aesthetic and functional reasons in the following cases:
Teeth with large restorations or broken teeth;
Teeth with large discolored restorations
To maintain the strength of the tooth after an endodontic treatment.
Do porcelain crowns contain metal?
There are 2 types of porcelain crowns:
1.Full ceramic crowns are usually used in the front area, where aesthetics are obligatory
2.Metal-ceramic crowns are made in the molar area where teeth are under higher loads of the chewing forces
How the crown is made?
The tooth is prepared to the desired shape with burs. Then an impression is taken and send to the laboratory . Once the crown is ready, it is bonded to the tooth structure using a special bonding cement. The shape, size, color and occlusal anatomy of the crown matches the adjacent teeth. After adjustment ,the porcelain crown provides a permanent aesthetic and functional restoration of the tooth.
All-ceramic bridge replaces the missing teeth in the following way: the porcelain tooth (in place of the missing tooth) is connected to one or two adjacent dentalcrowns. The main contraindication for their preparation is thinning of the healthy hard tissues of the adjacent teeth. Therefore placement of a dental implant is an alternative treatment choice. However, the bridges remain good option for patients who are not suitable for dental implants or in replacement of the existing old bridges.
IPS e.max - a system with multiple indications!
IPS e.max system allows patients to receive beautiful restorations combined with high mechanical strength.
Patients today are looking for more healthy and functional restorations. Aesthetics play a very important role in their choice. Full ceramic crowns are both biocompatible and highly aesthetic.
IPS e.max system allows you to select the most appropriate all-ceramic material
* Lithium disilicate is used for making restorations on single tooth in the front and molar area of the dentition. The material shows exceptional aesthetic qualities;
* Zirconium oxide ceramic IPS e.max ZirCAD is the material of choice for larger restorations such as bridge structures that are exposed to large occlusal loads;
* With IPS e.max CAD-technique, lithium disilicate can be used overzirconium oxide substructures in the development of three or four unitbridges;
* IPS e.max Ceram – layered ceramic over lithium disilicate or zirconium oxide substructures. Allows predictable color results regardless of the material used for the substructure.
IPS e.max system allows patients to have a very beautiful restorations withhigh mechanical strength.
Inlays (when the tooth is partially destroyed);
Dental implants (dental implants are artificial "tooth roots" made of titanium or zirconium. Implant restoration includes an implant, and a crown or bridge over the implant).
Constructions of zirconium
Zirconia crowns and bridges are made by non-metallic material. They are made of a material based on zirconium oxide. Zirconium is subjected to milling (computerized processing) which provides the precise accuracy of the construction.
Because of the strength zirconium structures are recommended for defects in the distal part of the dentition, where chewing loads are higher.
The lack of metal edge and "white" skeleton in the zirconium constructionsprovides higher aesthetic result as opposed to PFM crowns.
Advantages of zirconium structures:
Very high strength and resistance to fracture;
Biocompatibility (no allergic reactions as in metals);
Missing dark colored gingiva;
Low thermal conductivity.
Optimal combination of strength and aesthetics is achieved when the zirconium skeleton is covered with ceramics IPS e.max Ceram. Zirconia provides strength while porcelain provides high aesthetics, the restoration matches the natural tooth.
Zirconium Abutments for implants - These are individually made abutments from zirconium.Compared to standard abutments they are highly aesthetic, especially in the front area and help to better shaping of the gingiva.